11月(yue)18日,中(zhong)共中(zhong)央政(zheng)治局(ju)常委(wei)、国务院总理李克强主持召开南水北(bei)调后(hou)续(xu)工程工作(zuo)会议,研究部署后(hou)续(xu)工程和水利建设等工作(zuo)。

会(hui)上(shang),水(shui)(shui)(shui)利(li)部、发展改(gai)革委(wei)负责人汇(hui)报了(le)南(nan)(nan)水(shui)(shui)(shui)北调(diao)后(hou)续(xu)(xu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程建(jian)设(she)总体(ti)考(kao)虑。李克强(qiang)说,南(nan)(nan)水(shui)(shui)(shui)北调(diao)东、中线(xian)一(yi)期工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程建(jian)成以来,工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程质(zhi)量和(he)(he)水(shui)(shui)(shui)质(zhi)都经受住了(le)检验,实现了(le)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)安全(quan),对支撑沿线(xian)地区生产生活和(he)(he)生态(tai)(tai)用水(shui)(shui)(shui)发挥了(le)重大作用,直接(jie)受益人口(kou)超(chao)过(guo)1亿人,经济、社会(hui)、生态(tai)(tai)效益显(xian)著,充分证明(ming)党中央、国务院的决(jue)策是完全(quan)正确的。同时要(yao)看到,水(shui)(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)短缺且时空分布不均(jun)是我(wo)国经济社会(hui)发展主(zhu)要(yao)瓶颈之一(yi),华(hua)(hua)北、西北尤(you)为突出。华(hua)(hua)北地下水(shui)(shui)(shui)严重超(chao)采和(he)(he)亏空,水(shui)(shui)(shui)生态(tai)(tai)修复任(ren)务很重,随着人口(kou)承载量增(zeng)加(jia)(jia),水(shui)(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)供(gong)需矛(mao)盾将进(jin)一(yi)步加(jia)(jia)剧。今年南(nan)(nan)方部分省份持(chi)续(xu)(xu)干旱,也对加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)水(shui)(shui)(shui)利(li)建(jian)设(she)、解(jie)决(jue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程性缺水(shui)(shui)(shui)提(ti)出了(le)紧迫要(yao)求。水(shui)(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)格(ge)局(ju)决(jue)定着发展格(ge)局(ju)。必须坚持(chi)以习近平(ping)新时代(dai)(dai)中国特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义思想为指导,遵循规律,以历史视野、全(quan)局(ju)眼光谋划(hua)和(he)(he)推(tui)进(jin)南(nan)(nan)水(shui)(shui)(shui)北调(diao)后(hou)续(xu)(xu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程等具有(you)战略意义的补短板重大工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程。这功在(zai)当(dang)(dang)代(dai)(dai)、利(li)在(zai)千秋,也有(you)利(li)于应对当(dang)(dang)前经济下行压力(li)、拉(la)动有(you)效投资(zi),稳定经济增(zeng)长和(he)(he)增(zeng)加(jia)(jia)就业。

李克(ke)强说(shuo),推进南(nan)水北(bei)调(diao)(diao)(diao)后续(xu)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)设(she),进一步打通(tong)长江流域向(xiang)北(bei)方(fang)(fang)调(diao)(diao)(diao)水的通(tong)道,有助于(yu)提高(gao)我(wo)国水资(zi)源支撑经济(ji)社(she)会发(fa)展能力(li),优化国家(jia)中长期发(fa)展战略格局(ju)。要(yao)按照南(nan)水北(bei)调(diao)(diao)(diao)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)总体(ti)规划,完善实施方(fang)(fang)案,抓紧(jin)前(qian)期工(gong)(gong)作,适时推进东(dong)、中线后续(xu)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)设(she)。要(yao)坚持先节水后调(diao)(diao)(diao)水,坚决压缩(suo)不合理用(yong)水,科学确定工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)调(diao)(diao)(diao)水量(liang)和受水地区分配水量(liang)。要(yao)压实责任,确保工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)质(zhi)量(liang),持续(xu)造(zao)福(fu)人民。同时,开(kai)展南(nan)水北(bei)调(diao)(diao)(diao)西(xi)线工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)规划方(fang)(fang)案比选论(lun)证等前(qian)期工(gong)(gong)作。

李克强说,水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)设(she)需求很(hen)大,很(hen)多(duo)项目(mu)已经过(guo)长期论证。当前(qian)(qian)(qian)扩大有效(xiao)(xiao)投资要(yao)把水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)及配套设(she)施建(jian)设(she)作(zuo)为突出重点,这(zhei)有利(li)于增(zeng)强防(fang)灾(zai)(zai)减灾(zai)(zai)能力、巩固农业基(ji)础,也能带(dai)动相关产业和装(zhuang)备发展,为农民(min)工(gong)(gong)等创造更(geng)多(duo)就业岗(gang)位。有关部(bu)门和地方要(yao)抓(zhua)住(zhu)原材料(liao)价(jia)格较低的(de)时机,在(zai)保(bao)证质(zhi)量前(qian)(qian)(qian)提下加(jia)快在(zai)建(jian)项目(mu)建(jian)设(she),协(xie)调好(hao)用地、环评等前(qian)(qian)(qian)期工(gong)(gong)作(zuo),抓(zhua)紧启(qi)动和开工(gong)(gong)一批成熟的(de)重大水(shui)利(li)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)及管网、治(zhi)污设(she)施等配套建(jian)设(she),促(cu)进项目(mu)早建(jian)成早见效(xiao)(xiao)。

李克(ke)强说,推进南水北调后(hou)续工程(cheng)等重大水利项(xiang)目建设,要(yao)(yao)创新筹资、建设、运营、管理等机制(zhi)(zhi)。更多运用改(gai)革的(de)办法解决建设资金(jin)问题(ti),注重发挥财政资金(jin)引(yin)(yin)导(dao)(dao)带动作用,地方政府专(zhuan)项(xiang)债资金(jin)要(yao)(yao)向(xiang)这方面(mian)倾斜(xie),用好(hao)开发性政策性金(jin)融(rong)等工具,引(yin)(yin)导(dao)(dao)金(jin)融(rong)机构(gou)加大中长期贷款支(zhi)持(chi)。研究改(gai)革水价政策,完善差别化阶(jie)梯(ti)水价,既促(cu)进节(jie)约用水,又推动建立合(he)理回报机制(zhi)(zhi),吸引(yin)(yin)更多社会资本参(can)与水利工程(cheng)建设运营。对工程(cheng)需要(yao)(yao)移民搬迁的(de),要(yao)(yao)完善机制(zhi)(zhi),切实做好(hao)相关工作,使移民搬得(de)出、稳得(de)住、能致(zhi)富。

胡(hu)春华、肖捷、巴(ba)特尔、何立(li)峰参(can)加会议。